The region of Latin America and the Caribbean is the most unequal on the planet. The differences between those who have more and those with less, far from diminishing, are increased day by day, exerting a negative effect on all areas of life, including education, is where the epidemic of HIV/AIDS remains rate growth affecting men and women, mostly young. Efforts in the field of prevention and treatment must be complemented by educating the population in topic, so that all people have the skills necessary for self-care to prevent infection and assist the development of values of solidarity and non -discrimination with those already affected.
HIV affects the body’s defense capacity, which results in rare tumors, abnormal lymph nodes and lymph tissue and nervous system among others, and the increase in diseases opportunistic. These are common Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and toxoplasma gondii neurotoxoplasmosis. Progressive dystrophy in the cerebral hemispheres, septicemia, adrenal atrophy, Kaposi’s sarcoma and mycobasteriosis increasing its incidence in these cases and between infections also are the cryptococcosis, strongyloidiasis, histoplasmosis , and disseminated tuberculosis.
Among the major complications may be the dermatitis Seborrheic, hyperpigmentation of the skin, the herpes zoster multidermatoma, the Wasting disease and the erosion of individuals with predominance of loss mass muscle and its association with diarrhea.
The education is essential if you want to reach individuals infected with HIV and those living with AIDS. Obviously, the best resource are those that are affected by the disease! The information is not reaching those most in need and there is some distrust of science and medicine. People are afraid. Many have only seen or heard talk people who are dying and many people believe that drugs will kill them. It is important to learn from those who have saved their lives and those who have benefited from treatment with medications, while renewing a quality of life would not have had it any other way.
Infected people have the experience of live with the disease and its control. Considerable number people have educated themselves in every aspect.
Multitudes of people believe they are better because they do not know if they are positive for virus. They are under the impression that HIV infection means that they have AIDS. His belief is incorrect because a positive test does not guarantee that they will die automatically, but this prevents them from getting tested for detection the virus. They do not want to know.
HIV needs to be in the means of communication each and every one of the days. Sadly there is lack of information. The bits of news and ads from sex insurance are not effective enough. The media have fallen far behind in reaching people globally. Misconceptions continue. People do not perform analysis of blood. They are afraid to seek medical care and do not understand that there is much they can do to prevent the progression from HIV to AIDS. By the time many get tested for the virus is often too late, they are already experiencing the disease.
Those who perform and are committed through acts of unprotected sex, they risk becoming infected and to infect others. By not having sex safer, they are at greater risk of becoming infected with multiple strains and cause the disease progresses.
“Us we estimate that about half of all people living with HIV, or not know they are infected or are not under any care, or both, “so said Dr. Harold Jaffe, deputy director of the National Center for HIV Prevention , Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Tuberculosis [National Center for HIV, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, and Tuberculosis Prevention], part of the CDC [N / Enkidu: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of Diseases in the U.S.].
The public general is unaware of the many realities of HIV or that people can live with HIV. Here in Canada, PRIDE VISION [PRIDE VISION] Television Network (the First String TV GLBT World) is planning to HIV / AIDS news, interviews, talk shows, short films, documentaries, movies, prevention messages and more. The programming Pride Vision covers Cases related to the GLBT and covers every aspect of HIV / AIDS in detail. shows that HIV affects everyone regardless account sexual orientation, race, color, religion or spiritual beliefs.
Efforts to educate and combat the stigma are largely arrested when there are people living with HIV and not being heard when talking about these problems.
Infection with HIV/AIDS is responsible for a global pandemic and by the Organization World Health Organization (WHO) and the Program Set of Nations Attached HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS) and in October 2006 averaged 39.5 million people living with them seeds and 2.3 million aged below 15 years, 40% of new infections are reported in this period correspond to young people aged between 15 and 24.
In December 2007, 33.2 million people suffer from AIDS and deaths and amount to 16.3 million of which 14 million are reported in Africa as a source of United Nations.
Over 40 million people in the world living with HIV, a figure that includes 5 million new cases diagnosed in 2005 alone. For the United States, this last figure means that in 2004, one million Americans living with HIV, and of these, one in four did not know he was infected.
Behaviors associated with the abuse of drugs are one of the most important factors in the spread of HIV infection in States United. The drugs can change the functioning of the brain, cutting off parts of the brain that people use to evaluate the risks and benefits when making decisions.
In Venezuela in 2007, the estimated 104 859 cases amounting to as the Second National Consultation on the Report on monitoring and evaluation of the achievement of goals Statement of Commitment on HIV / AIDS, the Report Community Venezuela 2008. However, it suggests that not account with information officers in this period.
In Cuba, from 1986 until November 18, 2008, reported 10 000 454 people with HIV in 3000 and 910 sick and the dead were 846. Of these 126 from other causes. and for 2009 is considered the country the lowest prevalence of AIDS in the world (0.13) as report Institute of Medicine Tropical Pedro Kouri. It is also the lowest spread in the Caribbean.
Despite the advantageous position compared to other countries, Cuba strives to prevent AIDS and develop strategies with a view to further reducing the incidence.
As much aféctale HIV / AIDS, the quality of life the individual and the family, it is necessary to review the situation in the world with regard to the pandemic and what actions are undertaken.
In Africa there are programs that address the integration between the sexual and reproductive health and HIV / AIDS, such is the case of the Republic of Mali where they develop projects for HIV prevention for young people working in the informal sector: apprentices, retailers and workers household. There is also a Program prevention in sexual and reproductive health and HIV / AIDS schools and literacy centers.
There are those who promote the strategy that advocates abstinence until marriage and marital fidelity, considering the need to follow the model of Uganda.
There are indications of negative cultural practices such as inheriting women a brother who has died. If the person who died was positive, most likely your partner already suffering from the infection and passing it on to her new husband and wife or other married couples. Another practice is the beast consider a cure for AIDS that is achieved through sex repeatedly with a girl under fifteen years.
The author agrees with the approach that models for education health should take into account the identification of subpopulations of higher risk and considers that this aspect must be a little more range as already changing patterns that has the behavior of the HIV / AIDS, it is possible to devote only prevention programs for these groups because they are risk behaviors that are conducive to a large extent continuing epidemic.
Studies have shown the high incidence of infection in young women and among men who have sex with men.
It is necessary also offer opportunities for people to use condoms. There are plans where delivery is free.
To the feel of the authors of this work, the education should focus on values such as UNAIDS raises.: The prevention education should be comprehensive, with balance appropriate to their age, topics such as development, information and sexual reproductive especially discussion of attitudes and values.
But not always speak clearly and people should know that HIV has to penetrate the body to transmit the infection and this happens whenever the blood or contaminated fluids because when they come into contact with areas where there is soft or moisture either in the vagina, mouth, rectum or nose, can have small tears and penetrate the germ. Therefore you should insist on the need for protection in relations sex. Cuts, bleeding gums and scratches determine pollution.
Predispose Traumatic lacerations. When lubricants are used there is less risk that the condom breaks but it must be made of water. For oral sex protection must also be used but preferably without lubricant because this product at general has not palatable.
The population at large will wonder what to do to avoid risk or that this is less. The main thing would also protect, maintain a steady partner, turn to other resources such as fantasies or masturbation, avoid sharing fluids, have conversations erotic massage non-sexual. In the absence of these options can be chosen sexual abstinence.
The ingestion of alcohol or other drugs, decrease the possibility of adequately protected so it is best not to be under the effect of these substances when having sex with exchange of fluids.
It requires the inclusion of topic prevention of HIV / AIDS to the promotion of values moral in extracurricular activities and extracurricular activities, campaigns, the attention to groups Community, make projects with teachers, teenagers multipliers and parents.
From criterion that primary care is an area to which people bring their problems and that is a base from which to guide patients throughout the system and opens opportunities for preventing disease and promoting health, then should take advantage of every opportunity, space and resources available to sensitize population in a manner it deems to HIV / AIDS as a common risk. Even those who reject talk the subject due to the stigma and when analyzing the environment of individuals in neighborhoods, schools, work whether or not the health sector, prisons and community and it is worth asking deduce that can educate more and internalize the reflection of those raised for quite some time that in the absence of a biological vaccine, it is necessary to choose a “vaccine social” to AIDS to cope with the epidemic.
Although education alone does not solve the problem of the epidemic, it must be recognized that it is capable of increasing the perception of risk. Hence the need to further develop educational intervention strategies as concluded in different studies.
The HIV / AIDS and the causes of its spread remain a major challenge for public health. AIDS causes suffering and disability, increases the risk of social exclusion and has negative consequences for economies national.
Promotion of safer sexual behaviors and practices safe and responsible, in particular through the use of condoms, and improve access of consumers to intravenous drug prevention, drug treatment and services, harm reduction, to awareness from the public in the field of prevention of HIV infection by ensuring better information on reproductive and sexual health;
Guidance and support for people infected with virus, and his family and friends, and keep the society an atmosphere and a friendly behavior, non-discriminatory and accepting of those infected;