According to the World-wide Organization of the Health (the WHO), to smoke it is considered like the main problem of public health in the world, since in recent years, the statistics have demonstrated that the addiction to the cigarette causes directly or indirectly around 5 million deaths in all the planet, number that increases every day in spite of the efforts and initiatives that have occurred in different countries, including Mexico, where they therefore die 144 people every day.
Caused diseases and deaths to smoke
Approximately half of the smokers dies prematurely due to diseases related to the tobacco consumption and the dependency to this one, including acute and chronic sufferings of the respiratory tract. There are some statistics provided by the WHO here:
The risk of suffering cancer of lung is extremely high if a person has smoked 10 or more cigarettes to the day by more than 20 years.
The tobacco is responsible from the 80 to 90% of the deaths in people with lung cancer.
The pipe and smokers pure have 12% of risk of contracting lung cancer.
Some environmental and genetic factors, as well as habits of exercise and feeding, also can play an important role in the development of the associated sufferings tobacco addiction.
Mortal chemicals in the cigarette and its smoke
It is not only the nicotine, that causes the addiction to the tobacco, the one that brings about these damages to the organism. The cigarettes or cigarettes have diverse chemical components that are inhaled by the smokers: acetone, ammoniac (aid to increase the nicotine absorption), arsenic (cause deficiencies in the breathing, between many other poisonous effects), benzene, benzopyrene (cancer cause), butane, cadmium (metal that damages liver, kidneys, brain), phenol, formaldehyde (it also brings about cancer and damage in skin, lungs and digestive apparatus), propilenglicol (it avoids that the tobacco is dried), lead and toluene, among others.
But also the tobacco can affect people who do not smoke, and who would not have to be exposed to the smoke of the cigarette. Individual sayings with passive or involuntary tobacco addiction have 7% more risk of suffering cancer of lung.
It is by previous that exists the call Law Antitabaco, officially the call Law of Protection to the Health of the nonSmokers of the Federal District, that it prohibits to smoke in places closed public, like offices, restaurants, parking, commercial cafeterias, centers, hospitals, etc.
Advantages of the Law Antitabaco
The free institutions of tobacco allow to have the following benefits:
New Law Antitabaco – Where it will be possible to be smoked with the Law of Health
Tobacco addiction, in the top of the addictions
To stop smoking
To promote healthful habits.
To diminish the cases of diseases and deaths related to tobacco addiction.
To protect the nonsmokers of the injurious effects of the tobacco.
To improve the quality of life of the people who are there, when breathing a cleaner air in its facilities.
To motivate to that the Mexican society is more and more free of tobacco addiction.
To diminish the fire risk until in a 50% within the facilities.
Smokers against the law
Although he implemented themselves from the 3 of April of 2008 in the City of Mexico to mainly benefit to the smokers liabilities, found the misfortune of the active smokers, who think that its right to smoke does not affect the others, and must leave to smoke to the street or the open places destined for it, reason why they spend more hours without smoking within his work areas and recreation.
There have been many discussions on the matter, in which the pros and the cons appear about the mentioned law and its application in the institutions, but given the statistics, the benefits of the law surpass much by the inconvenience of the smokers, and they allow us to have one better quality and amount of life in this great city, and other countries with similar initiatives, as much for which they are addict to the tobacco, like for that are free of this addiction.